According to the World Health Organization, nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body's dietary needs.
Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity. Good nutrition can help prevent disease and promote health.
There are six categories of nutrients that the body needs to acquire from food: protein, carbohydrates, fat, fibers, vitamins, minerals and water.
The Southern University Agricultural Research and Extension Center nutrition programs include:
Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program (EFNEP)
The Southern University Ag Center's EFNEP is a unique program that is designed to assist limited-resource youth in acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, and changed behavior necessary for nutritionally sound diets, and to contribute to their personal development and the improvement of the total diet and nutritional well-being.
EFNEP Programming is currently available in the following parishes:
Avoyelles, Evangeline, Rapides, Lafayette, and St. Landry parishes.
Families First - Nutrition Education and Wellness System (FF-NEWS)
Food stamp recipients typically purchase food items based on family preferences, cultural food practices and other socioeconomic factors despite public health recommendations or USDA Dietary Guidelines. Consequently, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular and cerebral vascular disease and specific forms of cancer (breast and colon), ranks high among leading causes of death for all racial groups in the United States. However, statistics indicate that rates are two to four times higher in ethnic minority groups (African-American, Native-American, and Latino/Hispanic) than in other population groups. There also exist high mortality rates not only for these chronic diseases, but high incidences of children and elderly malnutrition within limited-resource families. Limited-resource pregnant women and infants also have higher incidences of lower weight gain during pregnancy and higher percentages of low-birth weight.
FF-NEWS teaches food stamp recipients to make food selection and preparation choices that are consistent with their lifestyle/cultural practices, thus enhancing the health status of family members by effectively using all food resources for the purpose of holistic health for the family.
FF-NEWS Programming is currently available in the following parishes: Avoyelles, Evangeline, East Baton Rouge, East Feliciana, Ascension, St. James, St. Tammany, Orleans, East Carroll, and West Carroll parishes.
Documents for download - Nutrition
- Cooking Matters Course Impact Report
- A Fresh Start: When doing your spring cleaning this year,why not include your kitchen surfaces and your refrigerator. You can't see bacteria, but they are everywhere - and many can be very dangerous.
- Nutritional Benefits of Goat Meat: Obesity, a growing problem in the United States (US), is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which could be due to the consumption of the traditional red meats such as pork and beef.
- Preparation of Goat Meat World-wide: Goat meat is called the other red meat, but is leaner and contains less cholesterol and fat than both lamb and beef, therefore it requires low-heat, slow cooking to preserve tenderness and moisture.
- Sugars and Sweeteners: Sugars are naturally occurring substances found in many foods especially fruits and vegetables which provide a sweet taste. Sugars can be found as a single entity (glucose, fructose, galactose…) or combinations of several compounds (sucrose, Lactose).
- A New Beginning: This year, make that New Year's Resolution Count. Begin taking steps to create healthy eating habits for you and your family.
- Carbohydrates, Fuel for the Body: Carbohydrate is a nutrient that is a major source of fuel for the body. It comes from plants and appears in several basic forms: sugar, starch, cellulose (fiber).
- Cool Cooking Solutions: When summer temperatures are on the rise, stay cool in the kitchen by following some of the tips listed below.
- Resistant Starch: A Powerful Nutrient.
- Understanding of Food Labeling: Strategies to Expand Use and Understanding of Food Labeling Information among Young Adults
- Whey Protein: It’s not just for Building Muscle, Whey Protein is Beneficial for Overall Health.
- Handy Healthy Shopping List: Quick reference to use while shopping.
- Whey 2 Go Newsletter #1: Shake the weight!
- Whey 2 Go Newsletter #2: Meet the crew.
- Whey 2 Go Newsletter #3: Progress
- Whey 2 Go Newsletter #4: Eat healthy and keep on moving
- Acceptability of Goat Products: Louisiana residents of all ages found goat ham, patties and sausages acceptable.
- Antioxidant Activity of Rice Bran: Antioxidant Activity of Rice Bran Added Goat Meat Sausages.
- Assessing the Fatty Acid Profile of Dietary Fiber Content of Oat Bran and Oatrim-enhanced Beef Patties
- Economic Benefits of Goat Meat: Project information will promote communication and link product valuation among the production, processing, and retail market sectors. The information and resulting recommendations will be conveyed to producers through regional extension meetings, fact sheets, and bulletins.